Feature Story - December 2014
Searching the Kelp Forest for Non-native Species
Join our divers as they search for introduced species under the kelp forests off the beaches of Monterey Peninsula. Michelle Marraffini describes the surveys of non-native species introductions in the kelp forest and how we are targeting species that may be moving out of Monterey Harbor. Non-native species are spread many ways including through shipping (ballast water are hull fouling), aquaculture, and the aquarium trade. Once established in the harbors and marinas they can spread to natural areas, such as these kelp forests, where they interact with the native community, possibly altering the ecosystem. Full Story
Ashton, G.V., I.C. Davidson, and G.M. Ruiz. 2014. Transient small boats as a long-distance coastal vector for dispersal of biofouling organisms. Estuaries and Coasts, DOI: 10.1007/s12237-014-9782-9.
Miller, A.W. and G.M. Ruiz. 2014. Arctic shipping and marine invaders. Nature Climate Change, 4(6): 413-416.
Ojaveer, H., et.al. 2014. Ten recommendations for advancing the assessment and management of non-indigenous species in marine ecosystems. Marine Policy, 44: 160-165. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2013.08.019
Ros, M., G.V. Ashton, M.B. Lacerda, J.T. Carlton, M. Vázquez-Luis, J.M. Guerra-García, and G.M. Ruiz. 2014. The Panama Canal and the transoceanic dispersal of marine invertebrates: Evaluation of the introduced amphipod Paracaprella pusilla Mayer, 1890 in the Pacific Ocean. Marine Environmental Research, doi:10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.07.001
Zabin, C.J., G.V. Ashton, C.W. Brown, I.C. Davidson, M.D. Sytsma, and G.M. Ruiz. 2014.Small boats provide connectivity for nonindigenous marine species between a highly invaded international port and nearby coastal harbors. Management of Biological Invasions. 5(2):97-112
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Dr. Gregory M. Ruiz/Senior Scientist
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
647 Contees Wharf Road,
PO Box 28
Edgewater, Maryland 21037
Public Outreach: Monaca Noble
Phone: (443) 482-2467, T-TH