Feature Story - October 2014
Could Expanding the Panama Canal Increase the Risk of Invasion?
The most recent expansion of the Panama Canal is scheduled to open in 2015. A third set of locks, plus widening and deepening of existing channels is expected to double the cargo capacity of the canal, allowing transits of more and larger vessels. The expansion of the canal has prompted major infrastructure changes at eight US ports. Dr. James Muirhead and others have developed a series of scenario-based models to explore how this project could impact the transfer of invasive species to the United States. Full Story
Ashton, G.V., I.C. Davidson, and G.M. Ruiz. 2014. Transient small boats as a long-distance coastal vector for dispersal of biofouling organisms. Estuaries and Coasts, DOI: 10.1007/s12237-014-9782-9.
Miller, A.W. and G.M. Ruiz. 2014. Arctic shipping and marine invaders. Nature Climate Change, 4(6): 413-416.
Ojaveer, H., et.al. 2014. Ten recommendations for advancing the assessment and management of non-indigenous species in marine ecosystems. Marine Policy, 44: 160-165. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2013.08.019
Ros, M., G.V. Ashton, M.B. Lacerda, J.T. Carlton, M. Vázquez-Luis, J.M. Guerra-García, and G.M. Ruiz. 2014. The Panama Canal and the transoceanic dispersal of marine invertebrates: Evaluation of the introduced amphipod Paracaprella pusilla Mayer, 1890 in the Pacific Ocean. Marine Environmental Research, doi:10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.07.001
Zabin, C.J., G.V. Ashton, C.W. Brown, I.C. Davidson, M.D. Sytsma, and G.M. Ruiz. 2014.Small boats provide connectivity for nonindigenous marine species between a highly invaded international port and nearby coastal harbors. Management of Biological Invasions. 5(2):97-112
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Dr. Gregory M. Ruiz/Senior Scientist
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
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Public Outreach: Monaca Noble
Phone: (443) 482-2467, T-TH