Pre-2000 Publications

All 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001


Fofonoff PW, GM Ruiz, AH Hines, and LD McCann. 1999. Overview of biological invasions in the Chesapeake Bay : Summary of impacts on native biota. In: Conservation of biological diversity: a key to the restoration of the Chesapeake Bay, G.D. Therres (editor), pp. 168-180. Maryland Dept. of Natural Resources, Annapolis

LaVoie, DM, LD Smith, and GM Ruiz. 1999. The potential for intracoastal transfer of nonindigenous species in the ballast water of ships. Estuarine Coastal Shelf Science, 48:551-564

Ruiz, GM, PF Fofonoff, AH Hines, and ED Grosholz. 1999.  Nonindigenous species as stressors in estuarine and marine communities: Assessing invasion impacts and interactions. Limnology and Oceanography, 44:950-972  PDF available here

Ruiz, GM, LS Godwin, J Toft, LD Smith, AH Hines, and JT Carlton. 1999. Ballast water transfer and management by U.S. Navy vessels.  Final report to U.S. Department of Defense, 24pp

Smith, LD, MJ Wonham, LD McCann, GM Ruiz, AH Hines, and JT Carlton. 1999.  Invasion pressure and inoculant survival in a ballast-flooded estuary. Biological Invasions, 1:67-87


Fofonoff, PW, GM Ruiz, AH Hines, and LD McCann. 1998. Overview of biological invasions in the Chesapeake Bay: Summary of impacts on native biota. In G.D. Therres (ed.), Conservation of Biological Diversity: A Key to the Restoration of the Chesapeake Bay and Beyond. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, pp. 168-180

Ruiz, GM. 1998. Cross-cutting issues. In Ridgeway RL, WP Gregg, RE Stinner and AG Brown (eds).  Invasive Species Databases, Proceedings of a Workshop, pp. 35-37.  National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) USGS, Reston , VA.

Ruiz GM, AH Hines, AW Miller, and L Tkata. 1998. National Ballast Information Clearinghouse at SERC: Function and present status. Aquatic Nuisance Species Digest

Ruiz, GM, AH Hines, AW Miller, L Takata and LM Kurzava. 1998. National Ballast Water Information Clearinghouse: Function, design and implementation.  Report I, U.S. Coast Guard, 24pp

Ruiz, GM, AW Miller, and WC Walton. 1998. The bi-coastal invasion of North America by the European green crab: Impacts and management strategies.  Report: Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, 35pp

Ruiz GM, LD Smith, AH Hines, JT Carlton, and DW Coats. 1998. Ballast water and non-indigenous species in U.S. coastal waters. ICES Cooperative Research Report No. 24. Ballast water: Ecological and fisheries implications, pp. 5-11


Geller JB, E Walton, ED Grosholz, and GM Ruiz. 1997. Cryptic invasions of Carcinus detected by molecular phylogeography. Molecular Ecology 6:901-906. PDF available here

Grosholz ED and GM Ruiz. 1997. Evidence for regional adaptation of black band disease at Carie Bow Cay, Belize. Proceedings of the 8th International Coral Reef Symposium, Panama

Ruiz GM, JT Carlton, ED Grosholz, and AH Hines. 1997. Global invasions of marine and estuarine habitats by non-indigenous species: Mechanisms, extent, and consequences. Am. Zool. 37:621-632

Ruiz GM, PF Fofonoff, AH Hines, AF VonHolle, LD McCann, and JT Carlton. 1997. Analysis of nonindigenous species invasions of the Chesapeake Bay (USA). Part I. Draft Report, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, 1500pp

Ruiz GM and AH Hines. 1997. Patterns of nonindigenous species transfer and invasion in Prince William Sound, Alaska: Pilot Study. Final Report, Regional Citizens' Advisory Council of Prince William Sound, 80pp


Grosholz ED and GM Ruiz. 1996. Predicting the impact of introduced species: lessons from the multiple invasions of the European green crab. Biol. Conserv. 78:59-66

Smith LD, MJ Wonham, LD McCann, DM Reid, GM Ruiz, and JT Carlton. 1996. Biological invasions by nonindigenous species in United States waters: Quantifying the role of ballast water and sediments. Final Report, U.S. Coast Guard and U.S. Dept. of Transportation

Wonham MJ, WC Walton, AM Frese, and GM Ruiz. 1996. Transoceanic transport of ballast water: Biological and physical dynamics of ballasted communities and the effectiveness of mid-ocean exchange. Final Report, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Foundation and the Compton Foundation


Carlton JT, GM Ruiz, LD Smith, and AH Hines. 1995. Ballast Water. Aliens (March 1995) pg18-19

Dittel AI, AH Hines, GM Ruiz, and KK Ruffin. 1995. Effects of shallow water refuge on behavior and density-dependent mortality of juvenile blue crabs in Chesapeake Bay. Bull. Mar. Sci. 57:902-916.

Everett RA, GM Ruiz, and JT Carlton. 1995. Effect of oyster mariculture on submerged aquatic vegetation: an experimental test in a Pacific Northwest estuary. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 125:205-217.

Grosholz ED and GM Ruiz. 1995. The spread and potential impact of the recently introduced European green crab, Carcinus maenas, in central California. Mar. Biol. 122:239-247.

Grosholz ED and GM Ruiz. 1995. The influence of spatial distribution and genetic variation on castration of the xanthid crab Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould) by an introduced parasite. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 187:129-145.

Hines AH and GM Ruiz. 1995. Temporal variation in juvenile blue crab mortality: Nearshore shallows and cannibalism in Chesapeake Bay. Bull. Mar. Sci. 57:884-901.

Ruiz GM, AH Hines, LD Smith, and JT Carlton. 1995. An historical perspective on invasions of North American waters by nonindigenous species. Aquatic Nuisance Species Digest 1:1


Everett RA, AH Hines, GM Ruiz, and AH Todd. 1994. Shoreline forests along tidal reaches of Chesapeake Bay do provide environmental benefits: Reply to Garbisch and Garbisch. Wetland Journal 6:16-17


Everett RA and GM Ruiz. 1993. Coarse woody debris as a refuge from predation in aquatic communities: an experimental test. Oecologia 93:475-486

Ruiz GM, AH Hines, and MH Posey. 1993. Shallow water as a refuge habitat for fish and crustaceans in non-vegetated estuaries: an example from Chesapeake Bay. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 99:1-16


Ruiz GM. 1991. Consequences of parasitism to marine invertebrates: Host evolution? Amer. Zool. 31:831-839


Ruiz GM and DR Lindberg. 1989. A fossil record for trematodes: extent and potential uses. Lethaia 22:431-438

Ruiz GM, PG Connors, SE Griffin, and FA Pitelka. 1989. Structure of a wintering dunlin population. Condor 91:562-570
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