HOW DO I USE THE UV-INDEX?

Exposure Category
UV-Index
Number
EPA Sun Protection Recomendations
Minutes
to burn*
Low
1-2

Wear sunglasses on bright days. In winter, reflection off snow can nearly double UV strength.

If you burn easily, cover up and use sunscreen.


Snow and water can reflect the sun's rays. Skiers and swimmers should take special care. Wear sunglasses or goggles, and apply sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15. Remember to protect areas that could be exposed to UV rays by the sun's reflection, including under the chin and nose.

35 to 105
Moderate
3-5
Take precautions such as covering up and using sunscreen if you will be outside.

Stay in shade near midday when sun is strongest.


An easy way to tell how much UV exposure you are getting is to look for your shadow:

--If your shadow is taller than you are (in the early morning and late afternoon), your UV exposure is likely to be low.

--If your shadow is shorter than you are (around midday), you are being exposed to high levels of UV radiation. Seek shade and protect your skin and eyes.

18 to 65
High
6-7
Protection against sunburn is needed.

Reduce time in the sun between 11 am and 4 pm.

Cover up. Wear a hat and sunglasses and use sunscreen.
11 to 40
Very High
8-10
Take extra precautions. Unprotected skin will be damaged and can burn quickly.

Try to avoid sun between 11 am and 4 pm .

Otherwise seek shade. Cover up. Wear a hat and use sunscreen.


Be careful during routine outdoor activities such as gardening or playing sports. Remember that UV exposure is especially strong if you are working or playing between the peak hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Don't forget that spectators, as well as participants, need to wear sunscreen and eye protection to avoid too much sun.
9 to 22
Extreme
11+
Take all precautions. Unprotected skin can burn in minutes. Beachgoers should know that white sand and other bright surfaces reflect UV and will increase UV exposure .

Avoid the sun between 11 am and 4 pm.

Seek shade. Cover up. Wear a hat and use sunscreen. Wear 99-100% UV-blocking sunglasses.
 
7 to 20

Information provided by the EPA/sunwise (www.epa.gove/sunwise/)


* NOTE: minutes to burn represents the average time for skin to begin to burn with un-protected exposure.