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Barber H.G., Carter, J.R. Edited by Sims P.A. 1996. An Atlas of  British Diatoms. Biopress Limited. Dorset Press,  Dorchester, U.K.

Balech, Enrique. 1988. Los Dinoflagelados Del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia. Ministerio de Agricultura Pesca Y Alimentacion. Numero . Madrid, Espana.

Caljon, A.G. 1983. Brackish-water Phytoplankton of the Flemish Lowland , Dr. W. Junk publishers, The Hague, Netherlands

Campbell, Peter H. 1973. Studies On Brackish Water Phytoplankton . Department of Botany, University of North Carolina. Sea Grant Publication UNC-SG-73-07

Cupp,Easter E. 1947. Marine Plankton Diatoms of the West Coast of North America . University of California Press. Reprint 1977. Otto Koeltz Science Publishers. Koenigstein, W. Germany

Desikachary, T.V., Sreelatha, P.M. 1989. Oamaru Diatoms . Bibliotheca Diatomologica, Band 19. J. Cramer Gerbruder Borntraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung, Berlin-Stuttgart.

Desikachary, T.V.,1987. Atlas of Diatoms. 1st Edition Madras: Madras Science Foundation. Madras, India. Subject: Diatoms From the Bay of Bengal; Diatoms From the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean.

Dexiang, Jin (Chin, T.G.), Cheng Zhaodi, Lin, Junmin, and Liu Shicheng, 1985, The Marine Benthic DIatoms
in China, Vol.1. China Ocean Press Beijing, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo

Dodge, John D. 1985. Marine Dinoflagellates of the British Isles . University of London, her Majesty's Stationery Office, London England 

Faust, Maria A. 1996. Further SEM Study of Marine Dinoflagellates: The Genus Ostreopsis (Dinophyceae). Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Suitland, Maryland. Journal of Phycology 32, 1053-1065.

Foged, Niels. 1974. Freshwater Diatoms in Iceland. Bibliotheca Phycologica Band 15. J. Cramer. Germany.

Foged, Niels. 1977. Freshwater Diatoms in Ireland. Bibliotheca Phycologica Band 34. J. Cramer. Germany.

Fukuyo, Yasuwo et al. 1990. Red Tide Organisms in Japan-An Illustrated Taxonomic Guide . Uchida Rokakuho, Co. Ltd. Tokyo, Japan

Hallegraeff, G.M. et al. 2010. Algae of Austrailia, Phytoplankton of Temperate Coastal Waters, Australian Biological Resources Study, CSIRO Publishing. Canberra, Australia.

Haeckel, Ernst. 1904. Kunstformen der Natur . Verlag des Bibliographischen Instituts, Leipzig and Vienna. republished 1974, Dover Pictorial Archive Series, Dover Publications, Mineola, New York.

Hendey, N. Ingram. 1964. An Introductory Account of the Smaller Algae of British Coastal Waters . Part V. Bacillariophyceae. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, England.

Horner, Rita A. 2002. A Taxonomic Guide To Some Common Phytoplankton. Biopress Limited, Dorset Press, Dorchester, UK.

Hustedt, Friedrich. Reprint 1977. Die Kieselalgen Vol. 1 Centrics . Otto Koeltz Science Publishers. Koenigstein, W. Germany

Kraberg, Alexandra, Baumann, Marcus, Durselen, Claus-Dieter. 2010. Coastal Phytoplankton Photo Guide for Northern European Seas. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. Munchen Germany.

Lawson, Laurie L. , Rushforth, Samuel R.1975. The Diatom Flora of the Provo River Utah, U.S.A. Bibliotheca Phycologica. Band 17. J. Cramer. Germany

Marshall,Harold G. 1986. Identification Manual for Phytoplankton of the United States Atlantic Coast. National Technical Information Service. U.S. Department of Commerce.

Jensen, Norman G. 1985. The Pennate Diatoms, a translation of Hustedt's Die Kieselalgen Vol. 2 . Koeltz Scientific Books. Koenigstein, Germany.

Johnstone, James, Scott, Andrew. 1924. Marine Plankton . The University Press of Liverpool, Limited.

Kraberg, Alexandra et al. 2010. Coastal Phytoplankton, Photo Guide for Northern European Seas. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. Munich, Germany.

Paulmier, Gerard. 1997. Atlas des diatomophyccees des cotes francaises et des aires oceaniques adjacentes. Station IFREMER, Place du Seminaire, B.P.7, 17137 L'Houmeau

Prescott, G.W. 1951. Algae of the Western Great Lakes Area . Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Michigan State University. Reprint 1982. Otto Koeltz Science Publishers. Koenigstein, W. Germany.

Scott, Arthur M., Gronblad, Rolf, Croasdale, Hannah. 1965. Desmids From the Amazon basin, Brazil Collected by Dr. H. Sioli. Acta Botanica Fennica 69, Societas Pro Fauna Et Flora Fennica, Helsingfors, Helsinki.

Smith, Gilbert Morgan. 1924. Phytoplankton of the Inland Lakes of Wisconsin, Part 2. Desmidiaceae. Serial No. 1270. General Series No. 1048. Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey.

Smith, Gilbert Morgan. 1950. The Freshwater Algae of the United States . Second Edition. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Starmach, Karol. 1985. Chrysophyceae und Haptophyceae . Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart-New York.

Steidinger, Karen A., Davis, Joanne T., Williams, Jean. 1967. A Key To The Dinoflagellate Genera Of The West Coast Of Florida . Technical Series No. 52, Florida Board of Conservation Marine Laboratory, St. Petersburg, Florida.

Steidinger, Karen A,Williams, Jean. 1970. Dinoflagellates. Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises Volume 2. Marine Research Laboratory, Florida Department of Natural Resources, St. Petersburg, Florida.

Sundström, Bo G. 1986. The Marine Diatom Genus Rhizosolenia. A new approach to taxonomy. Lund University, Sweden..

Taft, Clarence E., Taft, Celeste W. 1990. The Algae of the  Western Lake Erie. College of Biological Sciences, Ohio State University. Columbus, Ohio.

Thompson, R.H. 1947. Freshwater Dinoflagellates of Maryland . Chesapeake Biological Laboratory Publication No. 67. University of Maryland.

Tomas, Carmelo R. 1997. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton . Academic Press, San Diego, California. ( A good reference for phytoplankton synonyms . )

Vineyard, William C. 1979. Diatoms of North America . Mad River Press, Eureka, California.

Wehr, John D. and Sheath, Robert G. 2003. Freshwater Algae of North America . Academic Press. Boston, Massachusetts. 

Whitford, L.A. and Schumacher, G.J. 1973. A Manual of Freshwater Algae . Sparks Press, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Wolle, Rev. Francis. 1894. Diatomaceae of North America . The Comenius Press, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

Wolle, Rev. Francis. 1892. Desmids of the United States. Moravian Publication Office, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

Wood, E.J. Ferguson. 1966. A Phytoplankton Study of the Amazon Region . Bulletin of Marine Science, Vol. 16, No. 1.


Corliss, John O. 1979. The Ciliated Protozoa: characterization, classification and guide to the literature. Oxford; New York; Pergamon Press.

Fraser, J.H. et Hansen, V.Kr. 1969. Fiches D'Identification Du Zooplancton . Conseil Permanent International Pour L'Exploration De La Mer, Andr. Fred. Host & Fils, Copenhague, Danemark.

Johnson, William S. Allen, Dennis M. 2005. Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts. A Guide to Their Identifcation and Ecology. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland, London England.

Kofoid, Charles A. and Campbell, Arthur S. 1904-1905. A Conspectus of the Marine and Fresh-water Ciliata Belonging to the Suborder Tintinnoinea... University of California Publications In Zoology, Vol.34, pp. 1-403. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Maeda, Masachika 1986. An Illustrated Guide to the Species of the Family Stombidiidae (Oligotrichida, Ciliophora), Free Swimming Protozoa Common in the Aquatic Environment. Bulletin of the Ocean Research Institute No. 21, University of Tokyo, Japan.

Newell, G.E. and Newell, R.C.1973. Marine Plankton, a practical guide . Department of Zoology, Queen Mary College, University of London. Hutchinson Biological Monographs, London, England.

Snyder, Richard and Brownlee, David. 1991. Nolaclusilis bicornis N.G., N.Sp. (Tintinnina: Tintinnidiidae): A Tintinnine Ciliate with Novel Lorica and Cell Morphology from the Chesapeake Bay Estuary . Journal of Protozoology Vol. 38 (6).

Society of Protozoologists 2000. The Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa Vol. 1 and Vol. 2 . Second Edition. Allen Press Inc. Lawrence, Kansas.

Stemberger, Richard S. 1979. A Guide to Rotifers of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Michigan University, Pellston Biological Station, Report no. EPA-600/4-79-021. Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory, Office of Research and Development. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio.