Primary Research Interests:  

Effects of Light on Living Organisms, particularly UV and Marine Life
UV in the Environment - Long Term Variation of Incident UV, UV Transmittance of Natural Waters   


             Ph.D. Aquatic Ecology, 1985, University of California, Davis   

             M.A.  Statistics, 1981, Columbia University   

             B.A.  Environmental Science (with Honors), 1976, State Univ. of New York, Purchase   


             Title:  "The Diel Variation of Phytoplankton Photosynthesis in Tropical, Alpine Lake Titicaca"     


1999-present      Supervisory Research Photobiologist, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center   

1993-1999        Research Photobiologist, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center   

1992-1993        Research Associate, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, (Energy and Environment                          Division) and Univ. Calif. Davis, (Division of Environmental Studies).   

1990-1993        Adjunct Scientist, Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, Maine.   

1988-1993        Research Fellow, Dept. of Plant Biol., Univ. Calif. at Berkeley (w/ Prof. A. Melis).   

1987-1988        Research Scientist, Dept. of Botany, Univ. Calif. at Berkeley, Prof. Z. Cande,                          supervisor.   

1985-1987        Research Scientist, Div. of Molecular Plant Biol., Univ. Calif., Berkeley. Prof. A. Melis,                          supervisor.   

1981-1984        Research Assistant, Div. Environmental Studies, Univ. Calif., Davis.  Profs. P.J.                          Richerson and T.M. Powell, supervisors.   

1977-1980        Senior Research Assistant, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory, Dept. of Marine                          Biology, Palisades, New York.  Drs. T. Malone and J. Marra, supervisors.   

1975-1976        Research Assistant, State Univ. of New York, Purchase. Prof. J. Utter, supervisor.   


2003, 1998        Research Cruises NBP93-6, LMG98-9, NBP03-05 on R/V Laurence M. Gould,                          Southern Ocean   

1997                 Adjunct Faculty Member, MEES program, University of Maryland, College Park   

1993                 Chief Scientist, Research Cruise NBP93-6 on R/V-IB Nathaniel B. Palmer, Southern                          Ocean   

1986, 1988        Visiting Research Scientist, Freshwater Biological Assoc., U.K., Dr. J. Talling, host.   

PATENT:        Hayes, D. R, Jr., V. R. Goodrich, W. R. Brinley, Jr., P. J. Neale. US Patent                          60/039,339 (pending) "A Cosine Corrected Pathway of a Spectral Radiometer"   


American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, American Association for Advancement of Science, Phycological Society of America, American Geophysical Union, American Society of Photobiology  (Council Member)


  1. P.J. Neale, NSF-Polar Programs, 9/1/2002- 8/31/2006, $265,944 Interactive effects of UV and vertical mixing on phytoplankton and bacterioplankton in the Ross Sea (with Univ. W. Fla and Old Dominion Univ.)
  2. C.L. Gallegos, T.E. Jordan, D. Weller, P.J. Neale and P. Megonial, EPA/STAR, 6/1/03-5/31/06, $748,749 A shallow-water coastal habitat model for regional scale evaluation of management decisions in the Chesapeake region.
  3. P.J. Neale, Forest Service/National Institutes of Standards and Technology, 12/1/03-11/30/2004, $70,000, Operation and Maintenance of Smithsonian Model SR-18 Ultraviolet Spectral Radiometers
  4. C.E. Williamson, P.J. Neale, and 8 other PI's NSF, 9/1/02-8/31/07, $3,105,000, Interactive Effects of UV Radiation and Temperature on Lake Ecosystems, Integrated Research Challenges in Environmental Biology Program, NSF


Session Chair , "UV Radiation Studies and Biological Effects", American Geophysical Union, Ocean Sciences meeting (December 1997), "U.S. Interagency UV Monitoring Network - Program Updates", Am. Society of Photobiology, Wash. D.C. (July 1999), "UV Effects in the Aquatic Environment", Am. Society of Photobiology, Quebec City (July 2002)

Experimental Group Leader , VI meeting of the International Limnology Society (SIL) Group on Aquatic Productivity (GAP), Saskatoon, (June 1993), VII GAP meeting, Zurich, (September 1999).

Workshop participant , "The impact of UV-B radiation on pelagic freshwater ecosystems", working group on "Bacteria and Phytoplankton", Lake Lacawac , PA (Sept. 1993), Interamerican Institute for Global Change Research, "The Effects of UV Radiation on Various Ecosystems at Different Latitudes" Ensenada , Mexico (Sept. 1996) and Puerto Morelos , Mexico (Mar 1997).

Committees , SI representative to Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Committee on Environment and Natural Resources (1997-), US Interagency UV working group of the SGCR (1994 - 2000, Co-chair 2001 - ), Smithsonian Library Users Committee (1998 - ), Oversight Board Coatings Service Life Prediction Consortium, NIST (1996 - ), Curator, Global Links, Forces of Change Exhibit (NMNH), Assessment reviewer Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion, 2002 United Nations Environment Program.

Reviewer , Aquatic Microbial Ecology, Deep Sea Research, Hydrobiologia, Limnology & Oceanography, J. Phycology, J. Geophysical Res., Marine Biology, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Nature, Oceanologica Acta, Plant Physiology, Photochemistry & Photobiology, Photosynthesis Research, Polar Biology. Proposal reviews for NSF Earth Systems Science, Ecological studies, Ocean Sciences and Polar Programs, NSF Polar Programs review panel (1997), USDA National Research Initiative, U.K. Natural Environment Research Council, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research.


Graduate Students: Teresa Garner ( Old Dominion University )

Postdoctoral Associates: Anastazia Banaszak (1994-1996 SI Fellowship ), Jennifer Fritz (1997 - 2000), Elena Litchman (1997-2000 SI Fellowship), Evonne Tang (1998 -2000 SI Fellowship), Linda Franklin (2001-2003 SI Fellowship), Cristina Sobrino (2004 - ), Maria Tzortziou (2004- )

Student Interns: Benjamin Babst (1996), Maria Ceballos (1993), Andrea Craig (1995), Cynthia Fong (1994), Kelly Maynard (1999), Jill Peloquin (1998), Kristin Smeby (1998), John Salazar (1994), Anna Spector (1993), Corey Wright (1999), Emmanuelle Schindler (2001), Jacqueline Allen (2002), Courtney

Laboratory Staff : William Brinley (1993 - ), Arthur Ellison (2001-),Russell Goodrich (1993 - ), Douglass Hayes (1993 - 1999), Catherine Jarriel (1993 - 1997), Jenna Lempa ( 2001 - 2004), Jill Peloquin (1997 - 2001), Jesse Phillips-Kress (2004- ) 


UV and Vertical Mixing in the Southern Ocean: Ann Gargett (Old Dominion)

Spectral variation in UV responses of Bacterioplankton: Wade Jeffrey (U. W. Florida)

UV Photochemistyr: David Kieber (SUNY Syracuse ), Ron Kiene (Dauphin Marine Station), Chris Osborn (Naval Research Laboratory)

NIST/USDA/SI UV Network for UV Weathering data: Jonathan Martin (NIST), Jim Slusser (Colorado State Univ.)

UV Effects on Freshwater Ecosystems: Janet Fischer, Mark Olson (Franklin and Marshall), David Mitchell (U Texas ), Robert Sanders ( Temple ), Donald Morris, Robert Moeller and Craig Williamson (Lehigh University )

Publications in Refereed Journals      

  1. Neale, P. J. 1987. Algal photoinhibition and photosynthesis in the aquatic environment. In Kyle, D. J., Osmond, C. B. & Arntzen, C. J. (Eds.) Photoinhibition, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 35- 65.
  2. Neale, P. J., Cullen, J. J., Lesser, M. P. & Melis, A. 1993. Physiological bases for detecting and predicting photoinhibition of aquatic photosynthesis by PAR and UV radiation. In Yamamoto, H. & Smith, C. M. (Eds.) Photosynthetic Responses to the Environment, American Society of Plant Physiology, 61-77.
  3. Cullen, J. J. & Neale, P. J. 1993. Quantifying the effects of ultraviolet radiation on aquatic photosynthesis. In Yamamoto, H. & Smith, C. M. (Eds.) Photosynthetic Responses to the Environment, American Society of Plant Physiologists, Washington, D.C., 45-60.
  4. Richerson, P. J., Neale, P. J., Alfaro-Tapia, R., Carney, H. J., Lazzaro, X., Vincent, W. F. & Wurtsbaugh, W. 1993. Patterns of planktonic primary production and algal biomass. In Dejoux, C. & Iltis, A. (Eds.) Lake Titicaca : A synthesis, Kluwer, 196-217.
  5. Neale, P. J., Lesser, M. P. & Cullen, J. J. 1994. Effects of ultraviolet radiation on the photosynthesis of phytoplankton in the vicinity of McMurdo Station (78°S). In Weiler, C. S. & Penhale, P. A. (Eds.) Ultraviolet Radiation in Antarctica : Measurements and Biological Effects, Am. Geophysical Union , Washington , D.C., 125-142.
  6. Hogan, C., Lee, A., Cande, Z. & Neale, P. 1993. The diatom central spindle as a model system for studying antiparallel microtubule interactions during spindle elongation in vitro. In Scholey, J. M. (Ed) Motility assays for motor proteins, Academic Press, NY,
  7. Cullen, J. J. & Neale, P. J. 1997. Biological weighting functions for describing the effects of ultraviolet radiation on aquatic systems. In Häder, D.-P. (Ed) Effects of ozone depletion on aquatic ecosystems, R. G. Landes, Austin , 97-118.
  8. Neale, P. J. & Priscu, J. P. 1998. Fluorescence quenching in phytoplankton of the McMurdo Dry Valley lakes ( Antarctica ): Implications for the structure and function of the photosynthetic apparatus. In Priscu, J. P. (Ed) Ecosystem dynamics in a polar desert: The McMurdo dry valleys, Antarctica , American Geophysical Union, Washington, 241-253.
  9. Neale, P. J. 1999. Application of spectral weighting functions in assessing the effects of environmental UV radiation. In: Bauer, D. R. & Martin, J. (Eds.) A Systems Approach to Service Life Prediction of Organic Coatings, American Chemical Society, Washington , 45-55.
  10. Neale, P. J. 2000. Spectral weighting functions for quantifying the effects of ultraviolet radiation in marine ecosystems. In: de Mora, S. J., Demers, S. & Vernet, M. (Eds.) The effects of UV radiation on marine ecosystems, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge ,73-100.
  11. Vincent, W. F. & Neale, P. J. 2000. Mechanisms of UV damage in aquatic organisms. In: de Mora, S. J., Demers, S. & Vernet, M. (Eds.) The effects of UV radiation on marine ecosystems, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge , 149-176.
  12. Neale, P. J. and D. J. Kieber. 2000. Assessing biological and chemical effects of UV in the marine environment: Spectral weighting functions, p. 61-83. In R. E. Hester and R. M. Harrison [eds.], Causes and Environmental Implications of Increased U.V.-B. Radiation. Royal Society of Chemistry. Issues in Environmental Science and Technology, 14.
  13. Day, T. A. and P. J. Neale, 2002. Effects of UV-B radiation on terrestrial and aquatic primary producers. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 33: 371-96
  14. Neale, P. J., E. W. Helbling and H. E. Zagarese, 2003. Modulation of UV exposure and effects by vertical mixing and advection, pp. 107-134. In: E. W. Helbling and H. E. Zagarese (eds.), UV effects in aquatic organisms and ecosystems. Royal Society of Chemistry.

Conference Proceedings and Other Reports

•  Powell, T., Kirkish, M. H., Neale, P. J. & Richerson, P. J. 1984. The diurnal cycle of stratification in Lake Titicaca : Eddy diffusion. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. , 22 , 1237-1243.

•  Ferreyra, G.A., I.R. Schloss, S. Demers and P.J. Neale. 1994. Phytoplankton responses to natural UV irradiance during early spring in the Weddell-Scotia confluence: an experimental approach. Antarctic Journal of the United States . 29: 268-270 .

•  Sigleo, A. C. & Neale, P. J. 1994. Phytoplankton pigment profiles at the Weddell-Scotia Confluence during the 1993 austral spring. Antarctic Journal of the United States , 29 , 147-148.

•  Neale, P. J. & Spector, A. C. 1994. UV-Absorbance by diatom populations from the Weddell-Scotia Confluence. Antarctic Journal of the United States , 29 , 266-267.

•  Sikorski, R.S., A. C. Sigleo and P.J. Neale. 1995. Spectral measurements of Ultraviolet and Visible solar irradiance at the Weddell-Scotia confluence during 1993 austral spring. Antarctic Journal of the United States . 29: 272-274.

•  Neale, P. J., Correll, D. L., Goodrich, V. R. & Hayes, D. R., Jr. 1994. UV-B optical depths at Mauna Loa : Relative Contribution of Ozone and Aerosols. In Peterson, J. T. & Rosson, R. M. (Eds.) Summary Report 1993, NOAA, Boulder , 132-134.

•  Cullen, J.J., P.J. Neale, and R.F. Davis. 1996. Quantifying the potential effects of ozone depletion on aquatic systems. In: Shaw, R.W. (ed.) Science and policy implications of atmospheric issues in Atlantic Canada. Workshop Proceedings, Halifax , N.S. Occasional Report No. 6, Environment Canada , Atlantic Region, Sackville , New Brunswick , p. 107.

•  Neale, P. J., Correll, D. L., Goodrich, V. R. & Hayes Jr., D. R. 1996. Early morning UV-B during the 1994-1995 record low ozone at Mauna Loa . In Hofmann, D. J., Peterson, J. T. & Rosson, R. M. (Eds.) Summary Report 1994-1995, NOAA, Boulder , 140-141.

•  Booth, C. R., Morrow, J. H., Coohill, T. P., Frederick, J. E., Häder, D.-P., Holm-Hansen, O., Jeffrey, W. H., Mitchell, D. L., Neale, P. J., Sobolev, I., van der Leun, J. & Worrest, R. C. 1997. Impacts of Solar UVR on Aquatic Microorganisms. Photochem. Photobiol. , 65 , 252-269.

•  Cullen, J. J., Ciotti, A. M., Davis, R. F. & Neale, P. J. 1997. The relationship between near-surface chlorophyll and solar-stimulated fluorescence: biological effects. SPIE Ocean Optics XIII, 272-277.

•  Neale, P. J. and J. J. Fritz. 2001. Experimental exposure of plankton suspensions to polychromatic ultraviolet radiation for determination of spectral weighting functions, pp. 291-296. In J. Slusser, J. R. Herman and W. Gao [eds.], Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects. SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering.

•  Neale, P. J., 2003. Book review: "Phytoplankton productivity by Williams, Thomas and Reynolds (editors)". Newsletter, International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology (SILnews). 39: 8.

General Interest Publications discussing Neale Research

•  Neale, P.J. 1994. UVB Radiation: What's really going on up there? On the Rhode 4: Pt.1 Spring/Summer, Pt. 2 Fall

•  Nilsson, A. 1996. Ultraviolet Reflections: Life under a thinning ozone layer. Wiley & Sons. N.Y. 147p

•  Acton, P. and J. Barrat 1997. Some algae sensitive to rising UV. The Torch 97-7.

•  Norris, S. 1999. Marine life in the limelight. BioScience 49: 520-525

•  Woodward, C. 2000. Ocean's end: Travels through endangered seas. Basic Books, N.Y.